What is illness sociology? The sociology of health and illness covers sociological pathology (causes of disease and illness), reasons for seeking particular types of medical aid, and patient compliance or noncompliance with medical regimes. Health, or lack of health, was once merely attributed to biological or natural conditions.
What is the definition of illness in sociology? Illness is a subjective term referring to an individual’s experience of mental and physical sensations or states, and may not necessarily indicate the presence of disease.